Consuming vitamin is recommended for people with COVID-19 to help the treatment process. However, consuming too much of its special vitamin in the form of supplements can actually cause various side effects on health.
Vitamins include macro nutrients or nutrients that are only needed in small amounts. Taking vitamin in healthy people who are sick are not the same thing. Internal Medicine Specialist, in sick people, such as patients with COVID-19, vitamin consumption is needed to support their immune system.
Here are some side effects of consuming excess vitamin sourced on the type.
In people who are sick, consuming vitamin C can be up to 2,000 mg per day, which in normal circumstances is only needed as much as 90 mg a day for men and 75 mg per day for women.
Of course, giving this large amount of vitamin C must be supervised by a doctor because it is feared that side effects will arise. Consuming more than 2000 mg of vitamin C a day can cause side effects on the gastrointestinal tract such as nausea, vomiting, increased stomach acid, diarrhea, and the risk of developing kidney stones.
The average need for vitamin E is only 15 mg (22.4 IU) per day. The daily need for vitamin E can actually be met by consuming vegetables, fruit, meat, especially eggs. On the other hand, in case of illness, vitamin E can be given up to 200-400 mg.
Too much vitamin E can cause blood thinning. In patients with COVID-19, giving vitamin E is not always recommended because it can cause bleeding, so it must be in accordance with the doctor’s recommendations.
Citing CNN, the daily need for vitamin D is actually quite small, only 400-800 International units or IU one day. However, taking vitamin D in sick people can reach 1,000-4,000 IU a day, depending on the severity of the patient.
Consuming more than 4,000 IU of vitamin D is feared to have side effects, in the form of nausea, vomiting, dizziness, weakness, and problems with the liver. Therefore, giving large doses of vitamin D must be in accordance with the doctor’s recommendations.
Too much vitamin D in the blood can interfere with calcium metabolism, in the end it makes the calcium content in the blood large, causing nausea, vomiting, dizziness, weakness, kidney failure, and increased liver function.
The true need for vitamin B is only 0.024 mg per day. Consuming too much vitamin B can cause side effects in the form of headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, irregular heartbeat, low potassium content, and congestive heart failure.
Taking vitamin is not always necessary. Only by eating nutritious foods, increasing vegetables, fruit, and protein can meet the daily vitamin needs. In people who are sick, taking vitamins should be on the basis of doctor’s recommendations so that there are no side effects or drug interactions.